The article presents the philosophical idea of N. Berdyaev in its internal logic. The author of the article determines the gnoseological origins of Berdyaev’s existentialism, that was initially aiming to overcome Kant's phenomenalism and agnosticism through the connection of philosophical thinking with religious experience. On one hand N. Bonetskaya shows that Berdyaev, the author of the book «Philosophy of freedom» (1911), in search of the freedom conditions for the cognizing person used the conception by R. Steiner, developed for example in his work «Philosophy of freedom» (1894). On the other hand, Berdyaevʼs gnostic thought had its source in his own spontaneous inner experience, which the thinker himself considered as a revelation of «creativity». Berdyaevʼs existentialism developed as a reflection of his philosophical creativity and in this sense, it can be interpreted as selfknowledge.
subject; object; «objectification»; ecstasy; mystical light; God; God-manhood; eschatology; the fall; the Church; the Third Testament; anthroposophy; anthropodicy.