The article raises the problem of radical criticism of the philosophical language, undertaken by religious thinkers of the Silver age. Their forerunner in this respect was VL. Solovyov as the author of the treatise «Criticism of abstract beginnings». The criticism of language occurred in parallel with the formation of a new religious consciousness. Lev Shestov, following Nietzsche’s «revaluation of all values» in his books of the early 1900 s rethinks traditional notions of good and evil. The article also considers the criticism of D. Merezhkovsky of such concepts of Christian theology as Christ and Antichrist, God and devil, spirit and flesh, etc.
spiritual revolution; normative ethics; Christianity and paganism; ascetics; apocalyptic; Russian hermeneutics.