The article reveals the originality and uniqueness of the poetic philosophy of the poet F. I. Tyutchev – “the first expression of existentialism”). Tyutchev created a universal philosophy of history, the original philosophy of culture, who made a transcendental stream in Russian poetry. The key to all his work, according to Vl. Soloviev is in his feeling of the dark root of the world existence under the “gold embroidered veil” universe, in his realizing of the mysterious basis of any life – natural and human – the basis on which the essence of the cosmic process, and the fate of the human soul, and the entire history of mankind are based.
worldview; soul; thought and feeling; poetic truth; scientific truth; sense of life; mysterious basis of life; double being; chaos; meaning of existence; new man; religion of despair; religiosity; Russian God of selfdenial; metaphysical and psychological antiindividualism; fate of Russia.